DAY OF TRUMPETS
Section Five of Biblical Holy Days
Compiled by: Richard C. Nickels article link
Distributed by: Giving & Sharing PO Box 100 Neck City, MO 64849
Section Five of Biblical Holy Days covers the Day of Trumpets, the only New Moon which is also a Holy Day. The time between Trumpets and Atonement is called the "Days of Awe." The Day of Trumpets is a solemn time of covenant renewal. We need the Kingdom of God, the establishment of which is pictured by the Day of Trumpets.
Our purpose is to provide resource material and in-depth instruction for those who already observe Biblical Holy Days.
Day of Blowing Trumpets Yom Shofar
Divine Appointment Moed
An Holy Convocation Mikra Kodesh
The New Moon Chodesh
Rosh Hashana, "Head of the Year," Birthday of the World, First of Civil Year, A New Beginning, Tithing New Year for Livestock and Vegetables, The Day of Remembrance, Start of Ten Days of Repentance, Year of Release and Jubile, Time of Paying Tithes, Days of Awe, Days of Return, Reading and Expounding Book of the Law, Time to Bend the Knee, Time for Fasting and Repentance, Day of YHVH, Judgment Day, Resurrection Day, Regathering of Israel, Assembling Israel for Meeting, For War, Crowning of the King of Kings, Return of Messiah to Rule World
The Day of Trumpets is the first day of the seventh month, and can never fall on first, fourth and sixth days of the week.
Isaiah 55:6, "Seek ye the LORD while He may be found, call ye upon Him while He is near."
I Thessalonians 4:16-17, "For the Lord Himself shall descend from Heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the the dead in Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord."
Zechariah 14:4, 9, "And His feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives . . . . And the LORD shall be King over all the earth: in that day shall there be one LORD, and His name one."
I Corinthians 15:51-52, "Behold, I show you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed."
Revelation 11:15, "The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of His Christ; and He shall reign for ever and ever."
The Day of Trumpets
Day of Trumpets Is a Memorial of Blowing of Trumpets
Leviticus 23:24-25, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a Sabbath [Jewish translation, "shall be a solemn rest unto you"], a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation. Ye shall do no servile work therein: but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
Numbers 29:1-6, And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work: it is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you. And ye shall offer a burnt offering for a sweet savor unto the LORD; one young bullock, one ram, and seven lambs of the first year without blemish; And their meat offering . . . . And one kid of the goats for a sin offering, to make an atonement for you: Beside the burnt offering of the month, [see Numbers 28:11-15] and his meat offering, and the daily burnt offering [Numbers 28:3], and his meat offering, and their drink offerings . . . a sacrifice made by fire unto the LORD.
Feast of Ingathering (Tabernacles) and Revolution of Year
Exodus 23:16-17, . . . and the feast of ingathering which is in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labors out of the field. Three times [seasons] in the year all thy males shall appear before the Lord God.
Exodus 34:22-23, And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end [margin: "revolution of the year"].
NOTE: The Day of Trumpets is the first day of the civil year. That is why Jews call it Rosh Hashana, "head of the year." The Feast of Tabernacles is the end of the sacred year, the last of the holy day season. Trumpets is associated with Tabernacles. Trumpets will become the New Year with the return of the Messiah.
Ezra Read Law to the Returning Jews From Captivity
Nehemiah 8:1-12, And all the people gathered themselves together as one man into the street that was before the water gate; and they spake unto Ezra the scribe to bring the book of the law of Moses, which the LORD had commanded to Israel. And Ezra the priest brought the law before the congregation both of men and women, and all that could hear with understanding, upon the first day of the seventh month. And he read therein . . . from the morning until midday . . . and the ears of all the people were attentive unto the book of the law . . . and the Levites caused the people to understand the law . . . . So they read in the book in the law of God distinctly [with interpretation], and gave the sense, and caused them to understand the reading. And Nehemiah . . . and Ezra . . . and the Levites that taught the people, said unto all the people, This day is Holy unto the LORD your God; mourn not, nor weep. For all the people wept, when they heard the words of the law. Then he said unto them, Go your way, eat the fat, and drink the sweet, and send portions unto them for whom nothing is prepared: for this day is holy unto our Lord: neither be you sorry; for the joy of the LORD is your strength . . . . Hold your peace, for the day is holy; neither be ye grieved. And all the people went their way to eat, and to drink, and to send portions, and to make great mirth because they had understood the words that were declared unto them.
The Day of Trumpets is New Moon, With Blowing of Trumpets
Numbers 10:10, Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with trumpets over your burnt offerings . . . that they may be to you for a memorial before your God: I am the LORD your God.
Psalm 81:3-4, Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed [Hebrew: "at the full moon"], on our solemn feast day. For this was a statute for Israel, and a law of the God of Jacob.
NOTE: Properly translated, this verse does not show the Day of Trumpets is a feast (Hebrew: hag or chag) day. It is a festival (moed), but not a Feast Time (hag) like Passover/Unleavened Bread, Pentecost, and Tabernacles.
Numbers 28:11, And in the beginnings of your months ye shall offer a burnt offering unto the LORD; two young bullocks, and one ram, seven lambs of the first year without spot.
New Moons are one of the Three Types of Sacred Times
II Chronicles 31:2-3, And Hezekiah appointed the courses of the priests and the Levites . . . [for the service of]  the sabbaths, and for  the new moons, and for  the set feasts, as it is written in the law of the LORD.
Ezekiel 45:17, . . . in the feasts, and in the new moons, and in the sabbaths . . . .
NOTE: Since the Day of Trumpets is the only new moon that is a holy day, it is also spoken of as "the new moon."
Amos 8:4-5, O ye that swallow up the needy, . . . . Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? and the Sabbath, that we may set forth wheat . . . falsifying the balances by deceit?
Ezekiel 46:1, 6, The gate of the inner court that looketh toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the Sabbath it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened . . . in the day of the new moon . . . .
Colossians 2:16, Let no man therefore judge you . . . in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon or of the Sabbath days.
Trumpets Used to Notify, Warn or Assemble Israel for War
Numbers 10:2-9, Make thee two trumpets of silver . . . for the calling of the assembly, and for the journeying of the camps. And when they shall blow with them, all the assembly shall assemble themselves to thee at the door of the tabernacle . . . . And if they blow but with one trumpet, then the princes, which are heads of the thousands of Israel, shall gather themselves unto thee . . . they shall blow an alarm for their journeys . . . . And the sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow with the trumpets; and they shall be to you for an ordinance for ever throughout your generations. And if ye go to war in your land against the enemy that oppresseth you, then ye shall blow an alarm with the trumpets; and ye shall be remembered before the LORD your God, and ye shall be saved from your enemies.
Jeremiah 4:19, My bowels, my bowels! I am pained at my very heart . . . the sound of the trumpet, the alarm of war.
Amos 3:6, Shall a trumpet be blown in the city, and the people not be afraid?
Examples of trumpets to call soldiers to battle: (1) Phinehas, Numbers 31:6; (2) Ehud, Judges 3:27; (3) Gideon, Judges 6:34, 7:8-22; (4) Saul, I Samuel 13:3.
Trumpets Used as a Sound of Peace, End of Strife
II Samuel 2:28, So Joab blew a trumpet, and all the people stood still, and pursued after Israel no more, neither fought they any more.
See also 18:16, 20:22.
Trumpets Signified Crowning a King, or Revolt
II Samuel 15:10, As soon as ye hear the sound of the trumpet, then ye shall say, Absalom reigneth in Hebron.
II Samuel 20:1, . . . a man of Belial . . . Sheba . . . blew a trumpet, and said, We have no part in David . . . every man to his tents, O Israel.
I Kings 1:34, 39, And let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him there king over Israel: and blow ye with the trumpet, and say, God save king Solomon . . . . And Zadok the priest took an horn of oil out of the tabernacle, and anointed Solomon . . . and all the people said, God save King Solomon.
II Kings 9:13, Then they hasted, and took every man his garment, and put it under him on the top of the stairs, and blew with trumpets, saying, Jehu is king.
II Kings 11:12, 14, . . . they made him [Joash] king, and anointed him . . . the king stood by the pillar, as the manner was . . . and all the people of the land rejoiced, and blew with trumpets . . . .
Trumpet Used in Temple Worship
Solomon's Temple was dedicated during the feast of the seventh month:
II Chronicles 5:3, 12-14, 7:6, . . . in the feast which was in the seventh month . . . an hundred and twenty priests sounding with trumpets: It came even to pass, as the trumpeters and singers were as one, to make one sound to be heard in praising and thanking the LORD; and when they lifted up their voice with the trumpets and cymbals and instruments of musick, and praised the LORD, saying, For He is good; for His mercy endureth for ever: that then the house was filled with a cloud, even the house of the LORD; . . . for the glory of the LORD had filled the house of God . . . the priests sounded trumpets before them, and all Israel stood.
The foundation of the second temple was just after the Day of Trumpets.
Ezra 3:6, 10, 11, From the first day of the seventh month began they to offer burnt offerings unto the LORD. But the foundation of the temple of the LORD was not yet laid . . . . And when the builders laid the foundation of the temple of the LORD, they set the priests in their apparel with trumpets, and the Levites the sons of Asaph with cymbals, to praise the LORD, . . . they sang together by course in praising and giving thanks unto the LORD; because He is good, for His mercy endureth for ever toward Israel. And all the people shouted with a great shout, when they praised the LORD, because the foundation of the house of the LORD was laid.
Trumpets were used in worship,I Chronicles 15:24, 16:42, etc.
God's Voice is Full of Awesome Power, Like a Trumpet
Revelation 1:10-11, I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet, saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last.
Revelation 4:1 . . . a door was opened in Heaven: and the first voice which I heard was as it were of a trumpet talking with me.
Psalm 29, [whole chapter, especially verses 4, 10:] The voice of the LORD is powerful [in power]; the voice of the LORD is full of majesty [in majesty] . . . . The LORD sitteth King for ever.
God's Trumpet-Like Voice at Mt. Sinai
Exodus 19:16, 19, . . . on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings . . . and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp trembled . . . . And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him by a voice.
Exodus 20:18, And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet . . . they removed, and stood afar off.
God's presence is far more awesome than even this! And we must listen to what he says, and fear and respect Him!
Hebrews 12:18-29, For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched . . . . And the sound of the trumpet, and the voice of words . . . For they could not endure that which was commanded . . . But ye are come unto Mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God . . . See that ye refuse not Him that speaketh . . . Whose voice then shook the earth: but now He hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven . . . . [Let us therefore] serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear: For our God is a consuming fire.
Day of Trumpets Should Place Us in a Reverent Attitude
Amos 3:6, Shall a trumpet be blown in the city, and the people not be afraid?
Psalm 2:11, Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling.
Hebrews 10:31, It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.
Trumpets and LORD's Judgment Day
Joel 2:1, 2, 11, Blow ye the trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in My holy mountain: let all the inhabitants of the land tremble: for the day of the LORD cometh, for it is nigh at hand; A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness . . . . And the LORD shall utter His voice before His army . . . for the day of the LORD is great and very terrible; and who can abide it?
Zephaniah 1:6-7, 14-18, . . . [I will cut off] them that are turned back from the LORD [us, if we fall away]; and those that have not sought the LORD, nor inquired for Him. Hold thy peace at the presence of the LORD God: for the day of the LORD is at hand . . . . The great day of the LORD is near, it is near, and hasteth greatly, even the voice of the day of the LORD: the mighty man shall cry there bitterly. That day is a day of wrath, a day of trouble and distress, a day of wasteness and desolation, a day of darkness and gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness, A day of the trumpet and alarm against the fenced cities, and against the high towers . . . . Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the LORD's wrath . . . .
Psalm 98:6, 9, With trumpets and sound of cornet make a joyful noise before the LORD, the King . . . for He cometh to judge the earth: with righteousness shall He judge the world, and the people with equity.
See also Deuteronomy 32:36.
Message of Day of Trumpets is that We Should Repent
Joel 2:1, 12-13, Blow ye the trumpet in Zion . . . for the day of the LORD cometh . . . . Therefore also now, saith the LORD, turn ye even to Me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning. And rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto the LORD your God . . . .
Joel 2:15, 19, 32, Blow the trumpet in Zion, sanctify a fast, call a solemn assembly . . . . Yea, the LORD will answer . . . whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be delivered . . . .
Zephaniah 1:14, 16; 2:3, The great day of the LORD is near . . . a day of the trumpet . . . . Seek ye the LORD, . . . it may be ye shall be hid in the day of the LORD's anger.
Christ Comes to Rule Earth on the Day of Trumpets
Psalm 47:5, 7, 8, God is gone up with a shout, the LORD with the sound of a trumpet . . . . For God is the King of all the earth . . . God reigneth over the heathen: God sits upon the Throne of His holiness.
Zechariah 9:14, And the LORD shall be seen over them, and His arrow shall go forth as the lightning: and the Lord GOD shall blow the trumpet, and shall go with whirlwinds of the south.
Revelation 11:15, And the seventh angel sounded [the seventh trumpet] . . . The kingdoms of this world are become the Kingdoms of our Lord, and of His Christ; and He shall reign for ever and ever.
Righteous Dead Will Be Resurrected on Trumpets
Matthew 24:31, And He shall send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together His elect from the four winds . . . .
I Corinthians 15:52, In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
I Thessalonians 4:16-17, For the Lord Himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.
For the righteous, instead of a day of wrath, the trumpet will signify a day of joy.
Psalm 89:15, Blessed is the people that know the joyful sound: they shall walk, O LORD, in the light of Thy countenance.
Psalm 98:6, With trumpets and sound of the cornet make a joyful noise before the LORD, the King.
Message to us on the Day of Trumpets: Better be alive now or you will never be resurrected later!
Ephesians 5:14-16, Wherefore He saith, Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead [Isaiah 26:19 compared with Isaiah 27:13], and Christ shall give thee light. See then that ye walk circumspectly, not as fools, but as wise, Redeeming the time, because the days are evil.
Israel To Be Regathered at the Sound of the Trumpet
Isaiah 27:12-13, . . . ye shall be gathered one by one, O ye children of Israel. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the great trumpet shall be blown, and they shall come which were ready to perish in the land of Assyria, and the outcasts in the land of Egypt, and shall worship the LORD in the Holy mount at Jerusalem.
God's Work Must Warn World With the Voice of a Trumpet
Isaiah 58:1, Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and shew my people their transgression, and the house of Jacob their sins.
This crying like a trumpet must be inspired.
Judges 6:34, But the Spirit of the LORD came upon Gideon, and he blew a trumpet.
God's ministers are like watchmen:
Jeremiah 6:17, Also I set watchmen over you, saying, Hearken to the sound of the trumpet. But they said, We will not hearken.
Ezekiel 33:3-6, If when he seeth the sword come upon the land, he blow the trumpet, and warn the people; Then whosoever heareth the sound of the trumpet, and taketh not warning; . . . his blood shall be upon his own head . . . . But if the watchman see the sword come, and blow not the trumpet, and the people be not warned . . . his blood will I require at the watchman's hand.
I Corinthians 14:8, For if the trumpet give an uncertain sound, who shall prepare himself to the battle?
Trumpet used to rally God's people:
Nehemiah 4:19-20, [during the rebuilding of the Jerusalem wall] . . . The work is great and large, and we are separated on the wall, one far from another. In what place therefore ye hear the sound of the trumpet, resort ye thither unto us [Nehemiah, the leader]: our God shall fight for us.
Some Keep The New Moon and Other Feast Days in Vain
Mark 7:7, Howbeit in vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.
Amos 8:4-5, 10-11, Hear this, O ye that swallow up the needy . . . . Saying, When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn? And the Sabbath, that we may set forth wheat . . . falsifying the balances by deceit? . . . I will turn your feasts into mourning . . . and the end thereof as a bitter day. [because they do not keep God's feast days and Sabbaths with the right attitude] Behold, the days come . . . that I will send a famine in the land, . . . of hearing the words of the LORD.
Hosea 2:8-11, For she did not know that I gave her corn, and wine, and oil, and multiplied her silver and gold, [margin: wherewith they made Baal]. Therefore will I return, and take away [my blessings] . . . . I will also cause all her mirth [revelry] to cease, her feast days, her new moons, and her Sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts.
Isaiah 1:11-15, [Jewish translation] To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices to Me? . . . Bring no more vain oblations; It is an offering of abomination unto Me; new moon and Sabbath, the holding of convocations -- I cannot endure iniquity along with the solemn assembly. Your new moons and your appointed seasons My soul hates . . . . And when you spread forth your hands, I will hide My eyes from you . . . your hands are full of blood.
NOTE: The phrase "your feasts" does not necessarily mean that they were keeping days different than God instituted, but that they were not "God's feasts" in the sense that they were not kept unto the LORD, but for human vanity and pretense.
New Moons Will Be Religiously Observed in the Millennium
Isaiah 66:23, And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one Sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before Me, saith the LORD.
See also Ezekiel 45:17; 46:3, 6.
Trumpets, Atonement Closely Related
Joel 2:15, Blow a trumpet in Zion, sanctify a fast, call a solemn assembly. [Why? verse 1, the day of the LORD is at hand] Blow ye the trumpet in Zion . . . for the day of the LORD cometh, for it is nigh at hand. [What should we do because of this nearness?, verses 12-13] turn ye even to Me with all your heart, and with fasting . . . .
Leviticus 25:9, Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubilee [50th year of release, or liberty, when every man returns to his possessions, verse 10] to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month, in the day of atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land.
NOTE: Christ's coming is likened to a jubilee year, in which He releases the world from bondage to Satan. He comes on the last trumpet (Revelation 11:15) so here we see that the relation between Trumpets and Atonement demonstrates that one of the first things Christ does when He returns is to give liberty [jubilee] to the earth.
The Day of Trumpets is a Memorial
Memorial is from the Hebrew word zikrown, which means memorial, record, remembrance. Passover and Trumpets are both Holy Day memorials. Passover reminds us of Israel's exodus from Egypt and the death of the Messiah. Trumpets is a memorial of the greatest event in human history: the return of the Messiah to establish His kingdom.
Exodus 12:14, 13:9, And this day [Passover] shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever . . . . And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine hand, and for a memorial between thine eyes, that the LORD's law may be in thy mouth: for with a strong hand hath the LORD brought thee out of Egypt.
Leviticus 23:24, . . . a Sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.
Numbers 10:10, Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; that they may be to you for a memorial before your God: I am the LORD your God.
Joshua 4:7, . . . That the waters of Jordan were cut off before the ark of the covenant of the LORD; when it passed over Jordan, the waters of Jordan were cut off: and these stones shall be for a memorial unto the children of Israel for ever.
Malachi 3:16, Then they that feared the LORD spake often one to another: and the LORD hearkened, and heard it, and a book of remembrance was written before Him for them that feared the LORD, and that thought upon His name.
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